Epidemiological Diagnosis is use to reach several goals, such as :
- Important Health Problems that need to be solved objectively.
- What kind Behaviour and Enviroment Factors that influence Problem healths that appear.
Two Approaches in Epidemiological Diagnosis :
A. REDUCTIONIST APPROACH
Works from a broad social problem toward an assessment of the health components that contribute causally to that problem
The reductionist approach can be used in epidemiological assessment when the social problem has been identified, but the causes of the problem have not been clearly delineated.
B. EXPANSIONIST APPROACH
Starts from a specified health problem and works to the larger social context within which that particular problem occur
ASSESSING THE IMPORTANCE OF HEALTH PROBLEMS
It helps to establish the relative importance of various health problems in the target population as a whole and in population subgroups
It provides a basis for setting program priorities among the various health problems and subgroups
It aids in the allocation of responsibilities among collaborating professionals, agencies and department
ASSESSING THE DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH
The purpose is to identify the known risk factors for the priority health problems
Three ways that behavior can influence health :
- through physical and social environmental causes
- through health care (environmental) causes
DEVELOPING HEALTH OBJECTIVES
How much ?
By when ?